Tag Archives: Adobe Reader

October 2019 Update Sumamry

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Update: 25th October 2019
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Apologies for the delay in updating this post due to professional commitments.

I wanted to provide details of this month’s security updates from Microsoft and Adobe. On the 8th of October, Microsoft made available their updates resolving 59 vulnerabilities more formally known CVEs (defined).

Separately Adobe made available their updates a week later:

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Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 68x Priority 2 CVEs resolved (45x critical severity, 23x Important severity)

Adobe Download Manager: Priority 3 CVE resolved (1x Important severity)

Adobe Experience Manager: Priority 2 CVEs (1x Critical CVE, 7x Important and 4x Moderate severity)

Adobe Experience Manager Forms: 1x Priority 3 CVE (1x Important severity)

As always, if you use these Adobe products, please install the necessary updates as soon as possible prioritising the Adobe Acrobat/Reader and Experience Manager updates.

====================

This month’s list of Known Issues from Microsoft is available within their monthly summary page and applies to all currently supported operating systems. All issues have workarounds at this time and none appear to be serious issues. The up to date list is available from their summary page.

As for stability, I have installed all of this month’s updates on my Windows 10 systems (Builds 18362.388 , 18362.418) most recently the new kb4522355 (for Windows 10 Version 1903 Build 18362.449) and have not experienced any issues. Indeed, this update was intended to resolve the issues e.g. among with the Start menu that caused me to advise not to install Windows 10 updates earlier this month. Obviously, please continue to backup and test your systems as you usually would before install widely rolling out these updates but in general you should be fine.

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Microsoft Scripting Engine: , CVE-2019-1307 CVE-2019-1308 CVE-2019-1366

VBScript Remote Code Execution Vulnerability: CVE-2019-1238 CVE-2019-1239

Azure Stack Remote Code Execution Vulnerability : CVE-2019-1372

Remote Desktop Client Remote Code Execution Vulnerability : CVE-2019-1333

MS XML Remote Code Execution Vulnerability: CVE-2019-1060

Windows Error Reporting Manager Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability : CVE-2019-1315

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As per standard best practice; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

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Mozilla Firefox
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On 22nd October Mozilla released Firefox 70 to address multiple critical vulnerabilities and to one again introduce further privacy features (see below):

Firefox 70: Resolves 1x critical CVE (defined)(but consisting of multiple vulnerabilities), 3x high CVEs, 8x moderate and 1x low CVE

Firefox ESR 68.2 (Extended Support Release): Resolves 1x critical CVE (but consisting of multiple vulnerabilities), 3x high CVEs, 5x moderate

Highlights from version 70 of Firefox include:

Details of improvements in the macOS and Windows versions of Firefox are provided in this article. The blocking of social networking tracking is discussed in another article.

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from the above changes.

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Google Chrome
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On October 22nd, Google released Chrome version 78.0.3904.70. This update resolves a high severity flaw that earned the researcher who reported it $20,000. The Multi-State Information Sharing and Analysis Center (MS-ISAC) stated “successful exploitation could allow an attacker to execute arbitrary code in the context of the browser, obtain sensitive information, bypass security restrictions and perform unauthorized actions, or cause denial-of-service conditions.” In total, this update contains 37 security fixes.

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.

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WinSCP:
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In mid October; WinSCP version 5.15.5 was released upgrading it’s embedded version of Putty (the Windows SSH client) to 0.73 (along with its SSH private key tools to the same version) resolving 2 vulnerabilities (with one other issue possibly security related). WinSCP 5.15.6 has since been released as a non-security update.

Thank you.

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Update: 8th October 2019
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Unfortunately due to professional commitments I won’t be able to update this post today with details of Adobe’s and Microsoft’s updates. I will do so as soon as possible this week.

Thanks for your understanding.

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Original Post
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On the 23rd of September Microsoft issued two out of band (unscheduled) security updates to resolve 2 zero-day (defined) vulnerabilities. The vulnerabilities affect Internet Explorer and Windows Defender.

Microsoft has drawn criticism for adding confusion to these updates since they are not available on Windows Update but must be installed manually. For Windows 10 Version 1903 this prompted the release of kb4524147 which at this time I do NOT recommend you install since it is causing some systems not to boot, not being able to print and in some cases the Start menu is crashing.

With further security updates expected from Microsoft tomorrow, please await those updates and re-assess if you should install them. I’ll updater this post tomorrow with more information on the new monthly updates.

Separately since Windows Defender updates automatically you should have received the relevant anti-malware engine update (Version: 1.1.14700.5) 48 hours after the 23rd September.

Thank you.

August 2019 Update Summary

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Update: 13th August 2019
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Earlier today Adobe and Microsoft released large collections of security updates. They resolve 119 and 93 vulnerabilities (respectively).

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Adobe After Effects: 1x Priority 3 vulnerability resolved (Important severity)

Adobe Character Animator: 1x Priority 3 vulnerability resolved (Important severity)

Adobe Premiere Pro CC: 1x Priority 3 vulnerability resolved (Important severity)

Adobe Prelude CC: 1x Priority 3 vulnerability resolved (Important severity)

Adobe Creative Cloud Application: 4x Priority 2 vulnerabilities resolved (2x Critical and 2 Important severity)

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 76x Priority 2 vulnerabilities resolved (76x Important severity)

Adobe Experience Manager:1x priority 1 vulnerability resolved (1x Critical severity)

Adobe Photoshop CC: 34x priority 3 vulnerabilities resolved (22x Critical and 12x Important)

If you use any of these Adobe products, please apply the necessary updates as soon as possible especially for Adobe Acrobat/Reader, Photoshop CC and Experience Manager

====================
This month’s list of Known Issues from Microsoft is available within their monthly summary page and applies to all currently supported operating systems. Not all issues have workarounds at this time. The up to date list is available from their summary page. For Windows 7, for customers with Symantec Antivirus or Norton Antivirus, a hold has been put on the updates from being offered in Windows Updates due to ”The Windows updates are blocked or deleted by the antivirus program during installation, which may then cause Windows to stop working or fail to start”. The Symantec article linked to at this time is a blank template.

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Microsoft Remote Desktop Services (RDS):  CVE-2019-1181 CVE-2019-1182  CVE-2019-1222, and CVE-2019-1226 (CVE, defined)

Microsoft Graphics Component CVE-2019-1144  CVE-2019-1152  CVE-2019-1150 CVE-2019-1145 CVE-2019-1149

Microsoft Word CVE-2019-1201 CVE-2019-1205

Microsoft Outlook CVE-2019-1200 CVE-2019-1199

Scripting Engine CVE-2019-1133

Chakra Scripting Engine CVE-2019-1141 CVE-2019-1131 CVE-2019-1196 CVE-2019-1197 CVE-2019-1140 CVE-2019-1139

LNK Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2019-1188

Windows DHCP Client CVE-2019-0736 CVE-2019-1213

Windows Hyper-V CVE-2019-0720 CVE-2019-0965

Windows VBScript Engine CVE-2019-1183

====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As per standard best practice; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

=======================
Mozilla Firefox
=======================
In mid-August Mozilla released Firefox 68.0.2 and Firefox ESR 68.0.2 to resolve a moderate information disclosure vulnerability. Please make certain your installation is version 68.0.2 or above to resolve this issue.

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from the above changes.

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Google Chrome
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In late August the Centre for Internet Security released a security advisory for users of Google Chrome to update to version 76.0.3809.132 or later. Prior versions were vulnerable to a use-after-free (defined) vulnerability which could have allowed remote code execution (allowing an attacker to carry out any action of their choice).

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.

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VMware
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VMware earlier this month released a security advisory to resolve 2 Important severity vulnerabilities within the following products:

VMware vSphere ESXi (ESXi)
VMware Workstation Pro / Player (Workstation)
VMware Fusion Pro / Fusion (Fusion)

An attacker could leverage the vulnerability CVE-201-5521 (from the above linked to advisory) to also exploit CVE-2019-5684 to exploit Nvidia’s GPU driver (see below) to gain arbitrary code execution on a system.

If you use the above VMware products particularly with a Nvidia GPU, please review the advisory and apply the necessary updates.

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Nvidia
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Nvidia late last week issued a related security advisory to that of the above VMware advisory. Nvidia’s advisory resolves 5 locally exploitable vulnerabilities meaning that an attacker would first need to compromise your system before exploiting the vulnerabilities to elevate their privileges (defined). The steps to install the drivers are located here. If you use affected Nvidia graphics cards, please consider updating your drivers (defined) to the most recent available.

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Canon Digital Cameras PTP (Picture Transfer Protocol) Vulnerabilities
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Canon digital cameras utilising this protocol are potentially vulnerable to a complete takeover of the device while connected to a host PC or a hijacked mobile device.

As per this Canon advisory, please ensure your camera is using the most recent firmware update and that you follow the workarounds listed in the above advisory.

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VideoLAN VLC
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On the 19th of August, VideoLAN released VLC version 3.0.8 resolving 13 security issues (some assigned more than one CVE). In a recent presentation their President, Jean-Bapiste Kempf explains the challenges they face in maintaining the security of the project. The short slide deck gives a behind the scenes look at their work including the tools they use to make their code safer.

The list of challenges isn’t too dissimilar from a regular commercial company e.g.: a complex piece of software (15 million lines of code) with approximately 100 dependencies but does highlight issues with hostile bug bounty hunters etc. Future releases will include security bulletins where relevant.

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Valve Steam Gaming Client
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In late August, Valve released 2 security updates for their Steam gaming client. Further information on the disclosure (defined) is detailed here while details of the updates are available here and here (albeit in summary only). The Steam client by default updates automatically. Please open it and allow it to update to resolve these vulnerabilities.

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Software Updates for HP , Lexmark, Kyocera , Brother , Ricoh and Xerox Printers
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The following links details the vulnerabilities found by security researchers within these printers and link to the relevant software updates:

HP
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-hp-printers/?research=Technical+advisories

Lexmark
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-lexmark-printers/?research=Technical+advisories

Kyocera
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-kyocera-printers/

Brother
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-brother-printers/

Ricoh
https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-ricoh-printers/

Xerox (PDF)
https://securitydocs.business.xerox.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/08/cert_Security_Mini_Bulletin_XRX19R_for_P3320.pdf

https://www.nccgroup.trust/us/our-research/technical-advisory-multiple-vulnerabilities-in-xerox-printers/

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Security Updates for Corporate and Consumer 4G Modems
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G Richter a security researcher from Pen Test Partners disclosed the following vulnerabilities during DEF CON:

Netgear
Netgear Nighthawk M1 Mobile router (currently no vendor advisory):
Cross-site request forgery (CSRF)(defined) bypass: CVE-2019-14526
Post-authentication command injection: CVE-2019-14527

TP-Link
TP-Link’s M7350 4G LTE Mobile wireless router (currently no vendor advisory):
CVE-2019-12103 – Pre-Authentication Command Execution
CVE-2019-12104 – Post-Authentication Command Execution

ZTE
MF910 and MF65+ Advisory
http://support.zte.com.cn/support/news/LoopholeInfoDetail.aspx?newsId=1010203

MF920 Advisory
http://support.zte.com.cn/support/news/LoopholeInfoDetail.aspx?newsId=1010686

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HTTP/2 Vulnerabilities
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8 HTTP/2 DoS (defined) vulnerabilities have been responsibly disclosed by Netflix and Google. According to CloudFlare these vulnerabilities are already being exploited “We have detected and mitigated a handful of attacks but nothing widespread yet”.

Please review the affected vendors matrix within the following CERT advisory and apply the necessary updates:

https://kb.cert.org/vuls/id/605641/

Further information
https://github.com/Netflix/security-bulletins/blob/master/advisories/third-party/2019-002.md

https://www.theregister.co.uk/2019/08/14/http2_flaw_server/

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/news/security/new-http-2-flaws-expose-unpatched-web-servers-to-dos-attacks/

Thank you.

February 2018 Update Summary

====================
Update: 28th February 2018:
Please scroll down in this post to view more recent software updates available since the original posting date of the 13th of February 2018. Thank you.
====================

Earlier today Microsoft made available their expected monthly security updates to resolve 50 vulnerabilities more formally known as CVEs (defined). As always further details are provided within Microsoft’s Security Updates Guide.

At the time of writing there are no Known Issues for this months updates.

====================

In addition to these updates; Adobe released updates for the following products:

Adobe Experience Manager (resolves 2x priority 3 CVEs)

Adobe Acrobat and Reader (priority 2, 41 CVEs)

Flash Player v28.0.0.161 (priority 1, 2 CVEs) (released on the 6th of February):

As always; you can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below. A useful list of all CVEs for this month is present here:

====================

CVE-2018-0825: StructuredQuery Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

CVE-2018-0850 and CVE-2018-0852 : Microsoft Office Outlook (separately the Office Equation Editor was disabled by this months updates to attempt to prevent further exploitation).

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Similar to last month (due to the availability of further mitigations for x86 (32 bit) version of Windows); please take extra care with your back up to ensure you can restore your systems should you wish to revert your systems prior to installing the Meltdown and Spectre patches should you wish to uninstall the Security only bundle of updates or the updates are causing your system to become unstable or to lower its performance.

Thank you.

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Update: 26th February 2018
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VMware Updates:
=======================
In addition to last month’s VMware updates; further security updates have been issued in February. The affected products/appliances are listed below.

Please review the above linked to security advisories and knowledge base article and apply the necessary updates and mitigation steps.

  • VMware vCloud Usage Meter (UM) 3.x
  • VMware vIdentity Manager (vIDM) 2.x and 3.x
  • VMware vCenter Server (vCSA) 5.5, 6.0 and 6.5
  • VMware vSphere Data Protection (VDP) 6.x
  • VMware vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC) 1.x
  • VMware vRealise Automation (vRA) 6.x and 7.x

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Google Chrome:
=======================
This month Google made available 2 updates for Google Chrome; one in early February and the other in mid-February each resolving 1 security issue.

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.
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VideoLAN VLC:
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On the 28th of February VideoLAN made available VLC version 3.0.1 for Linux, Windows, macOS, BSD, Android, iOS, UWP and Windows Phone. It’s release notes detail fixes for 2 security issues (use-after-free (defined) and stack buffer overflow (defined)) and a further potential security issue (out of bounds (defined) read). More than 30 other non-security issues were also resolved.

Please update to version 3.0.1 to benefit from these improvements.

In early February VideoLAN made available version 3.0 for Linux, Windows, macOS, BSD, Android, iOS, UWP and Windows Phone. While its release notes do not detail any vulnerabilities addressed it includes smashing stack protection (SSP)(defined) and high entropy ASLR (HEASLR, also previously discussed on this blog)(ASLR: defined) for 64 bit versions of VLC. If you use VLC, you may wish to update to this version to benefit from the improved performance and features it offers while also increasing security.

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Skype:
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Earlier this month it was reported (for example here and here) that Skype contained an important elevation of privilege (defined) security vulnerability allowing the use of DLL (defined) hijacking (defined) within its update installer.

This vulnerability required a significant volume of remediation and was not addressed within the existing 7.40 version of Skype. Microsoft subsequently issued version 8 in October to address this vulnerability. 8.16.04 is the most recent version of Skype at the time of writing.

The above referenced version is the desktop version of Skype rather than the Microsoft Store app version which will be offered for Windows 10 installations.

Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 will be offered the 8.16.04 desktop version. Updates are available from skype.com Please note; for existing 7.40 users; an automatic update prompt will not display alerting you to the presence of version 8.

If you Skype, please upgrade it to the most recent version to resolve this vulnerability.

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Wireshark 2.4.5 and 2.2.13
=======================
v2.4.5: 9 CVEs (defined) resolved

v2.2.13: 8 CVEs resolved

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v2.4.5) or v2.2.13). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here

November 2017 Security Updates

Back in November; Microsoft released their routine monthly security updates. These updates resolved 53 vulnerabilities with 14 individual updates (which are grouped when downloaded). As always these are detailed within Microsoft’s new Security Updates Guide.

Sorry for not posting this sooner; travelling for my job meant my time was much more limited.

Microsoft have listed 6 Known Issues that can occur from Windows 7 up to and including Windows 10 (version 1703):

Windows 10 (versions 1511, 1607 and 1703 potentially impacted):

KB4048952: caused some Epson SIDM (Dot Matrix) and TM (POS) printers to lose the ability to print. This was later resolved by a further update; KB4053578

KB4048954:

could cause Internet Explorer 11 to not provide users of SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) the ability to scroll through drop-down menus.

Windows Pro devices on the Current Branch for Business (CBB) will upgrade unexpectedly.

The above issue regarding Epson printers could also occur. All 3 of the above issues have been resolved. Please see KB4048954 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes.

KB4048953:

Details 2 of the above issues as well as an additional issue regarding an error message for the CDP User Service. Please see KB4048953 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes.

Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2:

KB4048958

Please see KB4048958 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes for the issues already discussed above.

KB4048961

Please see KB4048961 for details of an additional update containing the appropriate fix for an issue already discussed above.

Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard:

KB4048957

Please see KB4048957 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes for the issues already discussed above.

KB4048960

Please see KB4048960 for details of an additional update containing the appropriate fix for an issue already discussed above.

This month there are 4 Known Issues (kb4041691kb4042895 , kb4041676 and kb4041681) for this month’s Microsoft updates. 2 of these issues relate to an exception error dialog box appearing, with the others causing a black screen, updates not to install in express , a BSOD and changing of display languages. Microsoft states in each link above they are working on resolutions to these issues.

====================

Adobe also made available their scheduled security updates for the following products:

Adobe Acrobat and Reader (priority 2, 56 CVEs)

Adobe Connect (priority 3, 5 CVEs)

Adobe DNG Converter (priority 3, 1 CVE)

Adobe Digital Editions (priority 3, 6 CVEs)

Adobe Experience Manager (priority 3, 3 CVEs)

Adobe Flash Player (priority 2, 5 CVEs)

Adobe InDesign CC (priority 3, 1 CVE)

Adobe Photoshop CC (priority 3, 2 CVEs)

Adobe Shockwave Player (priority 2, 1 CVE)

As always the priority updates are Flash Player first and Adobe Acrobat (in that order).

One point to note is that Adobe Acrobat 11 (or XI) / Reader 11 are now out of support from November onwards. These will be the final updates they receive. Adobe recommends upgrading to Adobe Acrobat DC or Reader DC (as appropriate). Apart from the different user interface of the DC version, possible privacy concerns were raised about one of the components of this newer version namely RdrCEF.exe (the purpose of which is described here). The suggestions to resolve these concerns were:

  • Adding cloud.adobe.com to your Hosts file (defined) to redirect it to localhost (defined) (to prevent it disclosing any private info)
  • Blocking RdRCEF.exe from accessing the internet using your software firewall

A list of changes to the Windows Registry (defined) were suggested in this forum thread but it is not clear if these are effective.

As always you can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

—————
If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

====================
For Novembers Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Critical severity:

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Microsoft Office Vulnerability : CVE-2017-11882 : was described as “extremely dangerous” by researchers at security firm Embedi to disclosed the vulnerability to Microsoft. In addition to installing the security update they recommend disabling the legacy equation editor to protect against future attackers against the code which does not benefit from the more secure coding practices.

====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

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VMware Workstation, Fusion and Horizon View Client
=======================
A security advisory with details of how to obtain updates for the above mentioned products to address 6 CVEs was made available by VMware in November.

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Google Chrome:
=======================
An update for Google Chrome included 2 security fixes while a second update included a further security fix,

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.
=======================

=======================
Wireshark 2.4.3 and 2.2.11
=======================
v2.4.3: 3 CVEs (defined) resolved

v2.2.11: 3 CVEs resolved

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v2.4.3) or v2.2.11). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.
=======================

=======================
Apple security update:
=======================
An updates was made available by Apple on the 29th of November for macOS High Sierra to resolve a critical security vulnerability that could have resolved in the creation of a root (defined) account on the affected system allowing an unauthorised user privileged access to that system. Further details of this vulnerability are available here. As discussed in that link, this security update should have been installed automatically (no user action required).

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Mozilla Firefox and Firefox ESR
=======================
During November Mozilla released security updates for Firefox and Firefox ESR(Extended Support Release) raising their version numbers to 57 (and later to 57.0.1) and 52.5 respectively.

  • Firefox 57 resolves 15 security issues more formally known as CVEs (defined) while 57.0.1 resolves 2 CVEs.
  • Firefox ESR 52.5 resolves 3 CVEs.

As always full details of the security issues resolved by these updates are available in the following links:

Firefox 57 and Firefox 57.0.1
Firefox 52.5

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, please update it as soon as possible to resolve these security issues.

August 2017 Security Updates Summary

It’s the second Tuesday of August and Microsoft and Adobe made available their monthly scheduled security updates.

Microsoft resolved 48 vulnerabilities in total more formally known as CVEs (defined). These are detailed within Microsoft’s new Security Updates Guide.

This month there is only 1 Known Issue for this month’s Microsoft updates.

====================

Separately Adobe made available four security bulletins for the following products:

Adobe Digital Editions (priority 2, 2x critical, 7x important CVEs)

Adobe Experience Manager (priority 2, 1x important, 2x moderate CVEs)

Adobe Acrobat/Reader (priority 2, 43x critical, 24 important CVEs)

Adobe Flash (priority 1, 1x critical, 1x important CVEs)

The priority ratings are explained in this link. Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin (the link includes “April” in the URL but it is not a typo) as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users should have the updated version installed automatically later this week (if not already available).

If you use any of the above-mentioned Adobe products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates. As per the established process the Flash update should be installed as soon as possible since exploit kits (defined) tend to take advantage of newly disclosed vulnerabilities very quickly.

Of note this month is the particularly large Adobe Acrobat/Reader update and the very small Flash Player update. The number of vulnerabilities resolved in last month’s Flash Player update was also small but it is too early to tell if vulnerability is moving away from Flash Player due to Adobe’s recent notice of their intention to de-commission Flash Player in 2020.

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Update:12th September 2017:
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Adobe last month updated their Adobe Acrobat and Acrobat Reader again after the availability of the initial patches in order resolve a regression (defined). Please ensure your installations of these products are updated to the version detailed by Adobe in their updated security bulletin (or are more recent than those listed in the bulletin).

Thank you.
=======================

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

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If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

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For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation for you below:
====================
Critical severity:

Windows Search

Microsoft Windows Hyper-V

Windows Scripting Engine (affecting Edge, Internet Explorer and Office)

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer

Windows PDF Viewer

 

Important severity:

Windows Font Engine
====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As always you can find detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.52) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary. Please note that Microsoft EMET will be out of support on the 31st of July 2018.

As noted in this new blog post, parts of EMET are to become available in the Creator’s Fall Update for Windows 10 set for release in September 2017.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

Pwn2Own 2017 Results

The final day of competition within Pwn2Own 2017 took place on Friday, 17th March. Full details of how the individual teams performed and how many exploits were successful are available here , here and here.

In summary the following products were successfully exploited:

Adobe Flash
Adobe Reader
Apple Safari
Apple macOS (mostly the macOS kernel)(defined)
Microsoft Edge
Microsoft Windows kernel
Mozilla Firefox
Ubuntu Linux
VMware Workstation

The contest saw 51 vulnerabilities used and a total of USD$833,000 awarded to the contestants (a very large increase over last year’s USD$460K). As I noted last year, many vulnerabilities once again were present within the macOS and Windows kernels specifically:

Apple macOS kernel:
race condition (defined)
information disclosures (defined)
out of bounds (OOB) bug (defined)

Microsoft Windows kernel:
integer overflows (defined)
buffer overflows (defined)
uninitialised buffers (discussed here)
use-after-free (defined here and here)
information disclosures
out of bounds (OOB) bug
race condition

As before Microsoft and Apple need to do more thorough static analysis/auditing/fuzzing (defined here and here) of the kernel to find and resolve vulnerabilities before they are exploited. It is a surprise this year again highlights this short coming which secure coding practices e.g. Microsoft’s SDL and Adobe’s SPLC (among others) were intended to reduce.

Of note is; Mozilla Firefox released Firefox 52.0.1 to resolve an integer flow vulnerability in less than 1 day after it’s disclosure during Pwn2Own; a fantastic response time.

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Update: 28th March 2017:
=======================
On the 28th of March, VMware made available security updates to address the vulnerabilities discovered during Pwn2Own.

Apple have also made available updates (listed in this post) to resolve the vulnerabilities discovered in Pwn2Own 2017. It is unclear if all vulnerabilities are now addressed.

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Update: 11th April 2017:
=======================
In late March, the Linux kernel vulnerability disclosed during Pwn2Own was resolved very quickly with Ubuntu also releasing their fix for this issue.

Adobe have released updates for Flash and Acrobat/Reader to address what appears to be 5 vulnerabilities in Flash and 6  in Acrobat/Reader (assuming near sequential CVEs and the team names attributed top them) disclosed during Pwn2Own.

We can again look forward to these vulnerabilities being addressed over the coming months; helping to make our products more secure.

Thank you.

Pwn2Own 2017 Contest Announced (Tenth Anniversary)

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Update: 19th March 2017:
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A more recent blog post discusses the results of the 2017 Pwn2Own contest.

Thank you.

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Original Post:
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With the month of March not too far away, I’m looking forward to the annual Pwn2Own contest taking place in Vancouver, Canada. Regular readers of this blog will know of the benefits it brings and why I look forward to it each year.

This year sees the return of Adobe Reader to the competition; a good decision due to the large numbers of vulnerabilities still being patched. I applaud the decision of Mozilla Firefox returning too since a zero day (defined) exploit was seen in recent times. It’s also in the top 3 in terms of usage. With a 64 bit version now available it should increase usage/competitiveness even further.

The full list of products that will be in the competition is here.

Just some of the interesting new additions are Ubuntu, Microsoft Hyper-V and Microsoft Office applications, which have never been present before. With vulnerabilities being patched routinely for all three of categories (especially for Microsoft Office), their inclusion should help us all when vulnerabilities are exploited and the researchers rewarded for their excellent work.

With the rise of malware for Apple Mac OS X and Linux it’s great to see them both in the contest this year. Previously only Mac OS was present.

Since the contest is celebrating its 10th anniversary it’s great to see other additions such as the Apache web servers and Ubuntu servers too. I often see servers installed and patched very little, if at all. This leads to situations where servers continue to have vulnerabilities long after they have been patched (more on that in this blog post). As for web servers, cross site scripting and CSRF remain consistent threats.

With extra points awarded for root access (defined) for Mac OS X or System level (defined) access for Windows this year’s contest is bigger than ever. With the more vulnerabilities that are found by the researchers the more they are awarded and the more everyone benefits by the vulnerabilities being responsibly disclosed (defined) to their vendors.

I will write another post when the results of this year’s contest are available and will discuss any highlights and how they will benefit us as users of these products.

Thank you.