Tag Archives: Corporate Security

January 2017 Security Updates Summary

Earlier today Microsoft and Adobe released their scheduled monthly security updates.

Microsoft only made 4 bulletins available. These updates address 3 vulnerabilities listed within Microsoft’s security bulletin summary (as before excluding the Adobe bulletin). These are more formally known as CVEs (defined).

Once again; there are no Known Issues listed within the above summary page. At the time of writing the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog does not list any Known Issues. However, please check it before deploying your security updates just to be sure. As always, if any issues do arise, those pages should be your first places to check for solutions.

Next month Microsoft will only be publishing it’s security bulletins and release notes within their Security Updates Guide; rather than distributing this information across several pages. This post from WinSuperSite explains the changes in full.

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Adobe made a pair of security bulletins available for Adobe Flash and Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader. The Flash Player bulletin resolves 13x priority 1 vulnerabilities. The Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader resolves 29x priority 2 vulnerabilities. Adobe’s priority rating are explained in the previous link.

Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users will have the updated installed automatically alongside the updated version of Google Chrome which will most likely be made available by Google either later today or in the next 1 to 2 days.

If you use Flash or Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader any of the above products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates. The Flash update should be installed as soon as possible since exploit kits (defined) tend to take advantage of newly disclosed vulnerabilities very quickly.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General Software, Security Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.
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If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

While there may only be 3 Microsoft bulletins this month, I will prioritise the order of updates for you below:

The update for Microsoft Office should be installed first due to it’s criticality. This should be followed by the update for Microsoft Edge and finally by the LSASS update. The update for Edge is important due to exploit kits relying on such patches not to be installed in order to spread further malware (defined).

As always you can find detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin is published each month within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.51) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary.

Please note that Microsoft EMET is in the process of being retired with the end of support scheduled for the 31st of July 2018.

As is my standard practice, I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

Adobe Flash Player 2017 Update Tracker

In a similar manner to the 2015 and 2016 tracker that was incredibly popular on this blog; I am providing the same information below for the year 2017.

I have created a new post to make the timeline easier to follow. It will be updated throughout the year with any details of the Flash vulnerabilities being exploited.

Thank you.

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10th January: Adobe releases Flash Player v24.0.0.194 resolving 13 CVEs.

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Update: 10th January 2017: The timeline was updated to add the Adobe Flash Player update for January 2017. At the time of writing no exploits for the issues fixed by this update are known to be taking place.

December 2016 Security Updates Summary

Today Microsoft and Adobe released their scheduled monthly security updates, the final scheduled set from both vendors for 2016.

Microsoft’s made 12 bulletins available. These updates address 47 vulnerabilities listed within Microsoft’s security bulletin summary (as before excluding the Adobe bulletin). These are more formally known as CVEs (defined).

As with previous months, fortunately this month (so far) there are no Known Issues detailed within the above mentioned summary page. Monitoring that page before deploying the updates as well as the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog will keep you well informed enabling you to have the best opportunity to avoid potential issues. If any issues do arise, those pages should be your first places to check for solutions.

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Adobe made available 9 security bulletins which included their regular Flash Player update. Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users will have the updated installed automatically alongside the updated version of Google Chrome which will most likely be made available by Google either later today or in the next 1 to 2 days.

The Flash Player update addresses 17x priority 1 CVEs. All of Adobe’s priority rating are explained in the previous link. The other 8 security bulletins can be summarised as follows:

Adobe Animate (APSB16-38): Addresses 1x priority 3 CVE.
Adobe Experience Manager Forms (APSB16-40): Addresses 2x priority 3 CVEs.
Adobe DNG Converter (APSB16-41): Addresses 1x priority 3 CVE.
Adobe Experience Manager (APSB16-42): Fixes 4x priority 2 CVEs.
Adobe InDesign (APSB16-43): Fixes 1x priority 3 CVE.
Adobe ColdFusion Builder (APSB16-44): Fixes 1x priority 2 CVE.
Adobe Digital Editions (APSB16-45): Fixes 2x priority 3 CVEs.
Adobe RoboHelp (APSB16-46): Fixes 1x priority 3 CVE.

If you use Flash or any of the above products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for the majority of your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General Software, Security Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by making a donation.
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If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

As always; to assist with making the best use of your time when deploying these updates, I will prioritise the updates for you below:

This month is a little different than before since the Microsoft Internet Explorer and Microsoft Edge bulletins when combined address 6 vulnerabilities that are already publicly disclosed (defined). These should be followed by the Adobe Flash update which addresses a zero day vulnerability (defined). Next up would be Microsoft Office, the Windows Graphics component and the Microsoft Uniscribe update due to their criticality.

The remaining security updates can be installed when you have the time to do so. Detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin is published each month within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.5) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary.

Please note that Microsoft EMET is in the process of being retired with the end of support scheduled for the 31st of July 2018.

As is my standard practice, I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates in order to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

November 2016 Security Updates Summary

Earlier today Microsoft and Adobe released their scheduled monthly security updates.

Microsoft’s made available many bulletins, 14 in total. These updates address 67 vulnerabilities listed within Microsoft’s security bulletin summary (as before excluding the Adobe bulletin). These are more formally known as CVEs (defined).

Once again this month (so far) there are no Known Issues detailed within the above mentioned summary page. Monitoring this page before deploying the updates as well as the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog will keep you well informed enabling you to have the best opportunity to avoid potential issues. If any issues do arise, those pages should be your first places to check for solutions.

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Today Adobe made available one other security bulletin by Adobe affecting Adobe Connect (resolving 1x priority 3 issue) in addition to their regular Flash Player update. Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users will have the updated installed automatically alongside the updated version of Google Chrome which was made available very shortly after Adobe’s update.

The Flash Player update addresses 9 priority 1 CVEs. If you use either of these products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for the majority of your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:

—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General Software, Security Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by making a donation.
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If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

To assist with making the best use of your time when deploying these updates, I will prioritise the updates for you below:

This month the previously disclosed zero day (defined) vulnerability under attacker should take first priority, it is addressed in MS16-135 Next, please prioritise the deployment of the following updates:

Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Graphics Component , Microsoft Office, Microsoft Video Control and the Windows Security Update bulletin.

Businesses and enterprise should priorities the deployment of the SQL Server update since it addresses 6 important vulnerabilities.

As always Adobe’s Flash Player update (to version 23.0.0.207) should also be on your shortlist this month.

The remaining security updates can be installed when you have the time to do so. Detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin is published each month within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.5) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary.

Please note that Microsoft EMET is in the process of being retired with the end of support scheduled for the 31st of July 2018.

As always as a routine precaution I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates in order to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

October 2016 Security Updates Summary

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Update: 2nd November:
Last week Adobe made available an out of band (unscheduled) security update to Adobe Flash. This was due to a zero day (defined) vulnerability being exploited in limited targeted attacks (using spear phishing (defined) emails sometimes originating from previous victims of this vulnerability).

To protect your organisation or yourself from this vulnerability please install the Adobe Flash update if you make use of Flash Player on your organisations devices or your own individual systems. This link can be used to test if Flash Player is already installed.

This vulnerability is related to an APT (defined) group’s activity that is detailed in a more recent post.

Thank you.

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Original Post:
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Yesterday Microsoft and Adobe released their scheduled monthly security updates.

Microsoft’s made available 10 security bulletins. These updates address 36 vulnerabilities listed within Microsoft’s security bulletin summary (excluding the Adobe bulletin). These are more formally known as CVEs (defined).

This month (so far) there are no Known Issues detailed within the above mentioned summary page. Monitoring this page before deploying the updates as well as the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog will keep you well informed enabling you to have the best opportunity to avoid potential issues. If any issues do arise, those pages are the best first places to check for solutions.

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Tuesday also saw the release of 3 security bulletins by Adobe affecting Adobe Flash Player, Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader and Adobe Creative Cloud Desktop.

Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users will have the updated installed automatically alongside the updated version of Google Chrome released today.

The Flash Player update addresses 12 priority 1 CVEs while the Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader security bulletin resolves 71 priority 2 CVEs. The final security bulletin published by Adobe this month fixes 1 priority 3 CVE in the Adobe Creative Cloud Desktop application.

If you use any of these products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for the majority of your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:

—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General Software, Security Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by making a donation.
—————

If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

To assist with making the best use of your time when deploying these updates, I will prioritise the updates for you below:

This month saw an unusually high number of 5 Microsoft zero day (defined) vulnerabilities being addressed. For this reason, please prioritise the deployment of the following updates: Microsoft Graphics Component, Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Internet Messaging API and Microsoft Office.

Once these updates are deployed, please move onto Adobe’s Flash Player update (to version 23.0.0.185) addressing 12 critical vulnerabilities, should be installed next if you already have a previous version installed. Due to the high number of vulnerabilities patched this month in Adobe Acrobat/Adobe Reader this should be installed next if you use their PDF creation/reader software.

The remaining security updates can be installed when you have the time to do so. Detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin is published each month within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.5) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary.

As always as a routine precaution I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates in order to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

September 2016 Security Updates Summary

Earlier today Microsoft and Adobe released their scheduled monthly security updates.

Microsoft’s updates consist of 14 security bulletins. These bulletins address 50 vulnerabilities more formally known as CVEs (defined)(not including the Adobe vulnerabilities mentioned below).

Only the Internet Explorer security bulletin currently lists a Known Issue (discussed below). However as always please double check the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog to ensure that there are no issues being experienced before you begin installing the new updates. At this time it does not list any Known Issues.

Update: 15th September 2016:

It has been reported that the security updates for Internet Explorer MS16-104 and Microsoft Edge (MS16-105) patches a zero-day (defined) vulnerability that has been publicly exploited. Further details of this vulnerability have since been disclosed and are available in this ThreatPost article.

The Known Issue for this update now mentions “Microsoft is aware of limited issues in which an ActiveX install may fail when using the ActiveX Installer Service (AXIS) with Internet Explorer 10 or Internet Explorer 11.” However, at this time no workaround or solution is available.

Moreover, the Microsoft Office security bulletin resolves an Important severity level ASLR (defined) bypass designated CVE-2016-0137 within the Microsoft Detours DLL (defined) that applications such as Microsoft App-V use. This issue has the potential to affect a lot of other 3rd party products and is discussed in more detail in this ThreatPost article. Further information/resources concerning this vulnerability are available on this GitHub page. A possibly related issue was found in Nvidia’s graphics driver (defined) (within detoured.dll) late last year which they issued a patch for.

This month also marks the final month that Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 will receive security updates packaged in the traditional format. From October the updates will be offered in packages similar to that of Windows 10 which will mean fewer individual updates will need to be installed to bring systems up to date. The updates will also replace updates from previous months again reducing the volume of updates needing to be installed. There will be single security and reliability updates.

While I am in favour of the simplification of updates, the “Known Issues” that I mention each month will become even more important since you won’t have the option of choosing which updates to install. This will lead to more outages and compatibility issues especially for corporate environments which is discussed in this article. Microsoft provides more details of these changes in their Windows IT Pro blog post. This additional Microsoft blog post and this Windows IT Pro blog post provide further coverage.

Further to this, next month Microsoft plans to begin to block out dated versions of Adobe Flash Player ActiveX controls (defined). Further details are available in their blog post.

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For Adobe’s scheduled released they made available an updated version of Flash Player that addresses 29 priority 1 vulnerabilities.

Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users will have the updated installed automatically alongside the updated version of Google Chrome released today.

Adobe also released a security bulletin for Adobe AIR SDK and compiler (AIR is its application runtime) to address a single priority 3 vulnerability. More information as well as installation steps are available in the relevant security bulletin. Finally, Adobe released a security bulletin for Digital Editions that addresses 8 priority 3 vulnerabilities.

If you use any of these products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for the majority of your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:

—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General Software, Security Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by making a donation.

—————
If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

To assist with making the best use of your time when deploying these updates, I will prioritise the updates for you below:

With Adobe’s Flash Player update (to version 23.0.0.162) addressing 29 critical vulnerabilities, this should be installed first if you already have a previous version installed.

For the Microsoft updates, for corporate environments/server operating systems please first install the Microsoft Exchange update (if you use it within your environment). This should be followed by Microsoft Office, Security Update for Windows (MS16-110) and the Microsoft Graphics Component.

For desktop workstations / small business environments please make Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Microsoft Office and the Microsoft Graphics Component your first priorities due to their severities and prevalent use. The remaining security updates can be installed when you have the time to do so. Detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin is available in this Computerworld article (a new article is published each month within their Patch Tuesday Debugged column).

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.5) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary.

As always as a routine precaution I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates in order to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

OpenSSL 1.1.0 Adds Partial TLS 1.3 Support

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Update: 17th November 2016:
Since publishing this blog post, the OpenSSL Foundation have provided more information on their timetable for implementing TLS 1.3. They intend to have full TLS 1.3 support in the next feature release of OpenSSL 1.1, namely 1.1.1. Further details are available within OpenSSL’s blog post.

Moreover, in late October Mozilla announced that the upcoming version of Firefox 52 set for release in March 2017 will come with TLS 1.3 enabled by default. Firefox 49 was the first version to have this feature built-in but it needed to be enabled within the about:config page of the browser’s settings by setting security.tls.version.max version to value of 4 Firefox 52 will have this setting enabled by default.

Thank you.

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Original Post:
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On the 25th of August the OpenSSL Software Foundation released OpenSSL 1.1.0 which brought partial support for a working IETF draft of TLS 1.3. OpenSSL 1.1 is one of the largest version changes to have occurred in the history of OpenSSL which is now better funded, has more developers and follows an improved code development process following the discovery of the now well-known Heartbleed vulnerability.

What is TLS 1.3?
Transport Layer Security (TLS) version 1.3 is the most recent version (currently in draft form) of the cryptographic protocol originally based on SSL (Secure Socket Layer) version 2 (from 1995) and v3 from 1996. This is the protocol that protects us when we see the HTTPS displayed in our web browsers address bar. More information on TLS/SSL is available in this podcast, this page and this blog post.

Why Is TLS 1.3 an advancement over TLS 1.2 or 1.1?
TLS 1.3 removes support for known insecure ciphers such as RC4, DES, 3DES and export grade ciphers as well older hashing algorithms e.g. SHA-1 and MD5. These are welcome changes that should help to reduce the possibility of further vulnerabilities such as SWEET32 and FREAK being present within the code of TLS libraries e.g. OpenSSL.

This reduces the attack surface (defined within the second paragraph of this blog post) of TLS 1.3 but the improvements don’t stop there. Cipher suites such as NIST P-256 and AES-GCM are being removed as primitives with only x25519, ChaCha20 and Poly1305 remaining developed by Dan Bernstein (who uses the handle djb).

X25519 is a key exchange protocol (with a similar purpose to Diffie Hellman), ChaCha20 is a stream cipher (a more secure alternative to the older RC4) and Poly1305 is used as a message authentication code (defined) with a view to replacing GCM.

In addition to improved security TLS 1.3 will offer improved performance but protection against reply attacks was still being finalised in the closing months of 2015.

Conclusion
With the many implementation vulnerabilities that have been uncovered in recent years within SSL and TLS the upcoming TLS 1.3 standard is a significant step in the right direction. With web browsers such as Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge (in progress) and other implementations adding support for TLS 1.3, the new standard is off to a promising start.

Thank you.