Tag Archives: Microsoft

Microsoft re-issues warning to patch BlueKeep Vulnerability

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Update: 12th June 2019
=======================
TL DR:
Install the RDP patch if you have not already done so. Use the paid-for micropatch if you can’t take a system offline to reboot it. If you can’t do either of these follow Microsoft’s or the NSA’s advice to mitigate the vulnerability.
=======================

Microsoft on the 31st of May re-iterated it’s warning to patch vulnerable systems as soon as possible.

Meanwhile; multiple proof of concepts of who to exploit the vulnerability have been developed by security researchers:

This story continues with another security researcher creating a proof of concept Metasploit exploit for this vulnerability. The exploit works on Windows XP, Windows 7, Server 2008 and Server 2008 R2. Windows Server 2003 has the RDP vulnerability but the vulnerability couldn’t be exploited.

The NSA have since issued an advisory in addition to the two notifications from Microsoft linked to above.

For systems which cannot spare the down-time needed to reboot after installing the Microsoft patch, a micropatch from 0Patch is available for their Pro version subscribers:

As a proof of concept of how long it may take to patch a system; I used a VMware snapshot taken from a test Windows XP SP3 system I used back in 2012. The installation had no updates apart from SP3. After 40 minutes; all missing patches (2008 – 2014), the updates from 2017 (resolving EternalBlue; amongst others) and this year’s RDP update were installed. Patching the RDP vulnerability took less than a minute (including the restart and start-up of the system).

I repeated the above using the Automatic Updates feature of Windows XP. I was able to full patch the system in 30 minutes.

Systems which are better maintained than this would easily take less time (even if patched manually like I did); especially if tools such as WSUS or SCCM are used where vast number of systems can be patched very quickly.

Thank you.

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Original Post: 4th June
=======================
Earlier this month Microsoft issued an update to resolve a critical vulnerability in Remote Desktop Services making use of the RDP protocol, port 3389.

TL DR: If you use Windows 7, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP, if you have not done so already, please install this update.

Why should this vulnerability be considered important?
As Microsoft reminded us when issuing the patch; this vulnerability requires no authentication or user interaction. It has the potential to spread just like the WannaCry and NotPetya infections did in 2017. Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 (and their Server equivalents) are NOT vulnerable.

Robert Graham from Errata Security on the 28th of May issued a report of the scan results from a widespread scan of the internet. He found approximately 950,000 vulnerable systems.

How can I protect my organisation or myself from this vulnerability?
The easiest method is to install the update available from Microsoft.

For Windows Server 2003 or Windows XP and Windows Vista; the update must be manually downloaded and installed from this link below since this update was not made available by the previous automatic mechanisms these versions of Windows had namely, Microsoft Update, Automatic Updates and Windows Update.

If you cannot install this security update; you can protect from this vulnerability by following the Workarounds listed in this link. Further explanation from Microsoft is also available from this link.

Microsoft on the 30th and 31st of May re-iterated it’s warning to patch vulnerable systems as soon as possible. Meanwhile; at least proof of concepts of who to exploit the vulnerability have been developed by at least 3 security researchers.

Thank you.

May 2019 Update Summary

====================
Note to my readers:

Due to professional commitments over the last several weeks and for the next 2 weeks; updates and new content to this blog have been and will be delayed. I’ll endeavour to return to a routine manner of posting as soon as possible.

Thank you.
====================

Earlier today Microsoft and Adobe released their monthly security updates. Microsoft resolved 79 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined) with Adobe addressing 87 vulnerabilities.

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 84x priority 2 vulnerabilities (48x Critical and 36x Important severity)

Adobe Flash: 1x priority 2 vulnerability (1x Critical severity)

Adobe Media Encoder: 2x priority 3 vulnerabilities (1x Critical severity and 1x Important severity)

If you use Acrobat/Reader or Flash, please apply the necessary updates as soon as possible. Please install their remaining priority 3 update when time allows.

====================
For Microsoft; this month’s list of Known Issues is available within their monthly summary page and applies to all currently supported operating systems. All issues however do have at least 1 workaround:

4493730   Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Servicing Stack Update)

4494440   Windows 10, version 1607, Windows Server 2016

4494441   Windows 10, version 1809, Windows Server 2019

4497936   Windows 10, version 1903

4498206   Internet Explorer Cumulative Update

4499151   Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 (Monthly Rollup)

4499154   Windows 10

4499158   Windows Server 2012 (Security-only update)

4499164   Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1

4499165   Windows 8.1 Windows Server 2012 R2 (Security-only update)

4499167   Windows 10, version 1803

4499171   Windows Server 2012 (Monthly Rollup)

4499179   Windows 10, version 1709

4499180   Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Security-only update)

4499181  Windows 10, version 1703

====================
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Windows RDP: CVE-2019-0708 (also includes an update for Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP)

Scripting Engine: CVE-2019-0924 ,  CVE-2019-0927 , CVE-2019-0922 , CVE-2019-0884 , CVE-2019-0925 , CVE-2019-0937 , CVE-2019-0918 , CVE-2019-0913 , CVE-2019-0912 , CVE-2019-0911 , CVE-2019-0914 , CVE-2019-0915 , CVE-2019-0916 , CVE-2019-0917

Windows DHCP Server: CVE-2019-0725

Microsoft Word: CVE-2019-0953

Microsoft Graphics Component: CVE-2019-0903

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Windows Error Reporting: CVE-2019-0863

Microsoft Advisory for Adobe Flash Player

Microsoft Windows Servicing Stack Updates

For the Intel Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) vulnerabilities, please follow the advice of Intel and Microsoft within their advisories. A more thorough list of affected vendors is available from here.

====================
Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As per standard best practice; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

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Nvidia Graphics Drivers:
=======================
3 security vulnerabilities with the most severe having a CVSS V3 (defined) base score of 7.7 have been resolved within Nvidia’s graphics card drivers (defined) in May. These vulnerabilities affect Windows only. All 3 are local vulnerabilities rather than remote meaning that an attacker would first need to compromise your system before exploiting the Nvidia vulnerabilities to elevate their privileges. The steps to install the drivers are located here. If you use affected Nvidia graphics card, please consider updating your drivers to the most recent available.

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VMware
=======================
VMWare has released the following security advisories:

Workstation Pro:

Security Advisory 1: Addresses 1x DLL hijacking vulnerability (defined)

Security Advisory 2: Addresses 4x vulnerabilities present in Workstation Pro and the products listed below. Please make certain to install Intel microcode updates as they become available for your systems as they become available in addition to these VMware updates:

VMware vCenter Server (VC)
VMware vSphere ESXi (ESXi)
VMware Fusion Pro / Fusion (Fusion)
vCloud Usage Meter (UM)
Identity Manager (vIDM)
vCenter Server (vCSA)
vSphere Data Protection (VDP)
vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC)
vRealize Automation (vRA)

If you use the above VMware products, please review the security advisories and apply the necessary updates.

Thank you.

April 2019 Update Summary

Yesterday Microsoft and Adobe made available their scheduled security updates. Microsoft addressed 74 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined)) with Adobe resolving 42 vulnerabilities.

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 21x priority 2 vulnerabilities (11x Critical and 10x Important severity)

Adobe Flash: 2x priority 2 vulnerabilities (1x Critical and 1x Important severity)

Adobe Shockwave Player: 7x priority 2 vulnerabilities (7x Critical severity)

Adobe Dreamweaver: 1x priority 3 vulnerability (Moderate severity)

Adobe XD: 2x priority 3 vulnerabilities (2x Critical severity)

Adobe InDesign: 1x priority 3 vulnerability (Critical severity)

Adobe Experience Manager Forms: 1x priority 2 vulnerability (Important severity)

Adobe Bridge CC: 8x priority CVEs (2x Critical, 6x Important)

If you use Acrobat/Reader, Flash or Shockwave, please apply the necessary updates as soon as possible. Please install their remaining priority 2 and 3 updates when you can.

Please note; as per Adobe’s notice Shockwave Player has now reached it’s end of life. No further updates will be made available.

====================
For Microsoft; this month’s list of Known Issues is available within their monthly summary page and applies to all currently supported operating systems. All issues however do have at least 1 workaround:

4487563                Microsoft Exchange Server 2019, 2016, and 2013

4491413                Update Rollup 27 for Exchange Server 2010 Service Pack 3

4493441                Windows 10 version 1709, Windows Server Version 1709

4493446                Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 (Monthly Rollup)

4493448                Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (Security-only update)

4493450                Windows Server 2012 (Security-only Rollup)

4493451                Windows Server 2012 (Monthly Rollup)

4493458                Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Security-only update)

4493464                Windows 10 version 1803, Windows Server Version 1803

4493467                Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 (Security-only update)

4493470                Windows 10 version 1607, Windows Server 2016

4493471                Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Monthly Rollup)

4493472                Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1 (Monthly Rollup)

4493474                Windows 10 version 1703

4493509                Windows 10 version 1809, Windows Server 2019

4493730                Windows Server 2008 SP2

4493435                Internet Explorer Cumulative Update

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use one of the utilities presented on this page:

====================
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Win32k: CVE-2019-0803CVE-2019-0859 (both are being actively exploited in the wild)

Scripting Engine: CVE-2019-0861 ,  CVE-2019-0806 , CVE-2019-0739 , CVE-2019-0812 , CVE-2019-0829

Microsoft Graphics Component (GDI+): CVE-2019-0853

Microsoft Windows IOleCvt Interface: CVE-2019-0845

Microsoft Windows SMB Server: CVE-2019-0786

Microsoft (MS) XML: CVE-2019-0790 , CVE-2019-0791 , CVE-2019-0792 , CVE-2019-0793 , CVE-2019-0795

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

====================
Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As per standard best practice; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

=======================
Notepad++:
======================
As noted in the March Update Summary post (due to a critical regression for the version that was released in March) Notepad++ 7.6.6 was released to resolve a critical regression in 7.6.5 which caused Notepad++ to crash. Version 7.6.5 resolved a further 6 security vulnerabilities.

If you use Notepad++, please update to the newest version to benefit from these reliability and security fixes.

Thank you.

=======================
Wireshark 3.0.1 and 2.6.8
=======================
v3.0.1: 10 security advisories

v2.6.8: 6 security advisories

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v3.0.1 or v2.6.8). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.

Pwn2Own 2019 Results

TL DR: With popular products such as the Tesla Model 3, Apple Safari, Mozilla Firefox, Oracle VirtualBox, VMware Workstation Pro and Microsoft Edge being successfully exploited; please install the necessary updates when they become available.

The annual white hat hacking contest known as Pwn2Own took place last week. Detailed results from all 3 days are available from this link.

Day 3 saw initially two teams attempting to exploit a Tesla Model 3 before one withdrew. The team Fluoroacetate made up of both Richard Zhu and Amat Cama successfully exploited the infotainment system of the Tesla earning them a further $35,000 and the car itself. They earned $375k in total and became the Master of Pwn for 2019. The contest overall distributed $545k for 19 vulnerabilities.

In contrast to previous years the researchers have targeted vulnerabilities other than those within the operating system kernel (defined) to obtain a total system compromise. Only 3 times were exploits on the OS kernel used this year (one exploit was used in conjunction when exploiting each of the web browsers Apple Safari, Microsoft Edge and Mozilla Firefox).

We can expect updates for each of the exploited products over the coming weeks and months (the vendors have up to 120 days to resolve the vulnerabilities before public disclosure). Mozilla released Firefox 66.0.1 and 60.6.1 to resolve the 2 Firefox CVEs (defined) disclosed during the contest.

If you use the affected products, please keep current with the necessary updates. Thank you.

Windows Exploit Suggester Utility

An updated version of a lightweight utility has been made available on GitHub that provides the useful capability of listing missing security updates on your system and matching them against and listing known exploits for those vulnerabilities.

This tool was released in 2014 but has been updated to work with Microsoft’s Security Updates Guide. While there are others tools such as Belarc Advisor this tool may be useful if you want something lightweight and don’t want to be locked to a specific tool vendor.

A guide to using the tool provided by BleepingComputer is here. I’ll try this tool and update this post with how it worked on my systems.

Thank you.

February 2019 Update Summary

Earlier today Microsoft made available 13 bulletins and 3 advisories resolving 74 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined)) respectively. As always more details are available from Microsoft’s monthly summary page.

Also today Adobe released scheduled updates for the products listed below addressing 75 CVEs in total:

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 71x priority 2 CVEs resolved (43 of the 75 are Critical, the remainder are Important severity)

Adobe ColdFusion: 2x priority 2 CVEs resolved

Adobe Creative Cloud Desktop Application: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved

Adobe Flash Player: 1x priority 2 CVE resolved

If you use the affected Adobe products; due to the public disclosure (defined) of CVE-2019-7089 as a zero day (defined) vulnerability, please install the Adobe Acrobat and Reader updates first followed by Flash Player and the remaining updates. I provide more detail on the zero day vulnerability in a separate post.

As we are accustomed to Microsoft’s updates come with a long list of Known Issues that will be resolved in future updates or for which workarounds are provided. They are listed below for your reference:

4345836
4471391
4471392
4483452
4486996
4487017
4487020
4487026
4487044
4487052

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use one of the utilities presented on this page:

====================
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Microsoft GDI+

Scripting Engine (CVE-2019-0590 , CVE-2019-0591 , CVE-2019-0593 , CVE-2019-0640  ,
CVE-2019-0642
, CVE-2019-0648 , CVE-2019-0649  , CVE-2019-0651 , CVE-2019-0652 , CVE-2019-0655 , CVE-2019-0658)

Windows DHCP

Microsoft Exchange

Microsoft SharePoint and CVE-2019-0604

====================
Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

=======================
Nvidia Graphics Drivers:
=======================
8 security vulnerabilities with the most severe having a CVSS V3 (defined) base score of 8.8 have been resolved within Nvidia’s graphics card drivers (defined) in February. These vulnerabilities affect Linux FreeBSD, Solaris and Windows. The steps to install the drivers are detailed here (and here) for Ubuntu and here for Linux Mint. Windows install steps are located here. If you use affected Nvidia graphics card, please consider updating your drivers to the most recent available.

=======================
7-Zip:
=======================
In the 3rd week of February; 7-Zip version 19.00 was released. While it is not designated as a security update; the changes it contains appear to be security related. While 7-Zip is extremely popular as a standalone application; other software such as Malwarebytes Anti-Malware, VMware Workstation and Directory Opus (among many others) all make use of 7-Zip. Directory Opus version 12.2.2 Beta includes version 19.00 of the 7-Zip DLL.

If you use these software applications or 7-Zip by itself, please update these installed applications to benefit from these improvements.

=======================
Changes:
=======================
– Encryption strength for 7z archives was increased:
the size of random initialization vector was increased from 64-bit to 128-bit, and the pseudo-random number generator was improved.
– Some bugs were fixed.
=======================

If you are using the standalone version and it’s older than version 19, please consider updating it.

=======================
Mozilla Firefox
=======================
In mid-February Mozilla issued updates for Firefox 65 and Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) 60.5:

Firefox 65.0.1: Resolves 3x high CVEs (defined)

Firefox 60.5.1: Resolves 3x high CVEs

As always; details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from changes such as improvements to Netflix playback, color management on Apple macOS and resolving audio/video delays during WebRTC calls etc.

=======================
Wireshark 3.0.0, 2.6.7 and 2.4.13
=======================
v3.0.0: 0 security advisories (new features and benefits discussed here and here)

v2.6.7: 3 security advisories

v2.4.13: 3 security advisories

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v3.0.0, v2.6.6 or v2.4.12). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.

Note: from this post onwards, I will only report on the most recent (v3.0) and previous branches (v2.6) of Wireshark.

Thank you.

January 2019 Update Summary

====================
Updated: 9th January 2019
====================
Happy New Year to all of my readers. Thanks very much.

Today Microsoft made available monthly updates resolving 47 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined)) respectively. Further details are available from Microsoft’s monthly summary page.

Separately Adobe released out of band (unscheduled) updates last week for Acrobat 2017 and Acrobat DC/Acrobat DC. These updates address 2x critical CVEs.

Other updates released today are as follows:
Adobe Connect: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved
Adobe Digital Editions: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved
Adobe Flash Player: reliability/performance update only

While the Flash Player update is a non-security update it’s likely Adobe chose to release it via the usual channels since it’s what people are familiar with and it helps to get updates out sooner.

Similar to last month; Microsoft’s updates come with a long list of Known Issues that will be resolved in future updates. They are listed below for your reference:

KB4468742
KB4471389
KB4480116
KB4480961
KB4480962
KB4480963
KB4480966
KB4480970
KB4480973
KB4480975
KB4480978

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use one of the utilities presented on this page:

====================
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Windows DHCP Client (Further details here)

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)(please also remember last months’s Internet Explorer update).

Microsoft Hyper-V (CVE-2019-0550 and CVE-2019-0551)

Microsoft Exchange (CVE-2019-0586)(Further details here)
====================
Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Please find below summaries of other notable updates released this month.

Thank you.

====================
Intel Security Advisories:
====================
Intel have released a series of security advisories so far this month. Of highest priority is the advisory for their Intel PROSet/Wireless WiFi Software to resolve a high severity CVSS Base Score 7.8 vulnerability. The security advisory affects many of their WiFi adapters.

Further important updates for their System Support Utility and Intel SGX SDK and Intel SGX Platform Software were also made available. Meanwhile lower severity issues were addressed in Intel’s SSD data-center tool for Windows, Intel NUC Firmware and Intel Optane SSD DC P4800:

If you use any of the affected software or products, please update them as soon as possible especially in the case of the PROSet/Wireless WiFi Software.

=======================
Mozilla Firefox
=======================
In the final week of January; Mozilla made available Firefox 65 and Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) 60.5:

Firefox 65: Resolves 3x critical, 2x high and 2x moderate CVEs (defined)

Firefox 60.5: Resolves 2x critical and 1x high CVEs

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from the most recent improvements by Mozilla.

=======================
Wireshark 2.4.12 and 2.6.6
=======================
v2.4.12: 6 security advisories

v2.6.6: 4 security advisories

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v2.6.6 or v2.4.12). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.

Thank you.