Tag Archives: VMware Workstation

December 2017 Update Summary

Earlier this month Microsoft closed out the year with a small number of security updates. They resolved 32 vulnerabilities. Further details are provided within Microsoft’s new Security Updates Guide.

Sorry for not posting this sooner; travelling for my job meant my time was much more limited.

No Known Issues were listed as occurring for this months update.

====================

Meanwhile Adobe also completed their yearly updates with a single update for Flash Player resolving a single priority 2 CVE (defined).

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For December Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Critical severity:

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Important severity:

Windows RRAS (Routing and Remote Access) Service Remote Code Execution Vulnerability

====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

=======================
VMware AirWatch Console and other VMware Products
=======================
A security advisory for VMware AirWatch Console to address a moderate security vulnerability was made available in December. A further security advisory to address 4 important vulnerabilities within the products listed below was also published:

  • ESXi
  • vCenter Server Appliance
  • Workstation
  • Fusion

=======================
Google Chrome:
=======================
An update for Google Chrome included 37 security fixes while a second update included 2 further fixes.

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.
=======================

=======================
Apple security updates:
=======================
During the first half of December Apple made available security updates for the following products:

=======================

Apple tvOS 11.2 and 11.2.1

Apple iOS 11.2 and 11.2.1

Apple watchOS 4.2

Apple Safari 11.0.2

Apple macOS High Sierra 10.13.2, Sierra and El Capitan

Apple iTunes 12.7.2 for Windows

AirPort Base Station Firmware Update 7.6.9 and AirPort Base Station Firmware Update 7.7.9

Apple iCloud for Windows 7.2

=======================

Please see these links from Apple for advice on backing up your iPhone and iPad. Advice for updating tvOS is available here while the steps for updating the Apple Watch are available here. Further details of these updates are available on Apple’s dedicated security updates page.

For advice on how to install updates for Apple devices, please see the steps detailed at the end of this Sophos blog post as well as this link (from my “Protecting Your PC” page).

=======================
Mozilla Firefox and Firefox ESR
=======================
During December Mozilla released security updates for Firefox and Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) raising their version numbers to 57.0.2 and 52.5.2 respectively.

  • Firefox 57.0.2 resolves 1 CVE
  • Firefox ESR 52.5.2 resolves 2 CVEs.

As always full details of the security issues resolved by these updates are available in the following links:

Firefox 57.0.2
Firefox 52.5.2

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, please update it as soon as possible to resolve these security issues.

=======================
VideoLAN VLC:
=======================
In early December VideoLAN made available version 2.2.8 of VLC for Linux, Apple macOS  and Windows. It addresses 4 security vulnerabilities (3 of which were addressed in 2.2.7). If you use VLC, please update as soon as possible to address the above mentioned security vulnerabilities as well as the general software bugs that were resolved.

=======================
WinSCP
=======================
In mid-December; WinSCP version 5.11.3 was released upgrading it’s embedded OpenSSL version to 1.0.2n (which addresses 1x moderate and 1x low severity CVEs).

November 2017 Security Updates

Back in November; Microsoft released their routine monthly security updates. These updates resolved 53 vulnerabilities with 14 individual updates (which are grouped when downloaded). As always these are detailed within Microsoft’s new Security Updates Guide.

Sorry for not posting this sooner; travelling for my job meant my time was much more limited.

Microsoft have listed 6 Known Issues that can occur from Windows 7 up to and including Windows 10 (version 1703):

Windows 10 (versions 1511, 1607 and 1703 potentially impacted):

KB4048952: caused some Epson SIDM (Dot Matrix) and TM (POS) printers to lose the ability to print. This was later resolved by a further update; KB4053578

KB4048954:

could cause Internet Explorer 11 to not provide users of SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) the ability to scroll through drop-down menus.

Windows Pro devices on the Current Branch for Business (CBB) will upgrade unexpectedly.

The above issue regarding Epson printers could also occur. All 3 of the above issues have been resolved. Please see KB4048954 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes.

KB4048953:

Details 2 of the above issues as well as an additional issue regarding an error message for the CDP User Service. Please see KB4048953 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes.

Windows 8.1 and Windows Server 2012 R2:

KB4048958

Please see KB4048958 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes for the issues already discussed above.

KB4048961

Please see KB4048961 for details of an additional update containing the appropriate fix for an issue already discussed above.

Windows 7 SP1 and Windows Server 2008 R2 Standard:

KB4048957

Please see KB4048957 for details of the additional updates containing the appropriate fixes for the issues already discussed above.

KB4048960

Please see KB4048960 for details of an additional update containing the appropriate fix for an issue already discussed above.

This month there are 4 Known Issues (kb4041691kb4042895 , kb4041676 and kb4041681) for this month’s Microsoft updates. 2 of these issues relate to an exception error dialog box appearing, with the others causing a black screen, updates not to install in express , a BSOD and changing of display languages. Microsoft states in each link above they are working on resolutions to these issues.

====================

Adobe also made available their scheduled security updates for the following products:

Adobe Acrobat and Reader (priority 2, 56 CVEs)

Adobe Connect (priority 3, 5 CVEs)

Adobe DNG Converter (priority 3, 1 CVE)

Adobe Digital Editions (priority 3, 6 CVEs)

Adobe Experience Manager (priority 3, 3 CVEs)

Adobe Flash Player (priority 2, 5 CVEs)

Adobe InDesign CC (priority 3, 1 CVE)

Adobe Photoshop CC (priority 3, 2 CVEs)

Adobe Shockwave Player (priority 2, 1 CVE)

As always the priority updates are Flash Player first and Adobe Acrobat (in that order).

One point to note is that Adobe Acrobat 11 (or XI) / Reader 11 are now out of support from November onwards. These will be the final updates they receive. Adobe recommends upgrading to Adobe Acrobat DC or Reader DC (as appropriate). Apart from the different user interface of the DC version, possible privacy concerns were raised about one of the components of this newer version namely RdrCEF.exe (the purpose of which is described here). The suggestions to resolve these concerns were:

  • Adding cloud.adobe.com to your Hosts file (defined) to redirect it to localhost (defined) (to prevent it disclosing any private info)
  • Blocking RdRCEF.exe from accessing the internet using your software firewall

A list of changes to the Windows Registry (defined) were suggested in this forum thread but it is not clear if these are effective.

As always you can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

—————
If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

====================
For Novembers Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Critical severity:

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Microsoft Office Vulnerability : CVE-2017-11882 : was described as “extremely dangerous” by researchers at security firm Embedi to disclosed the vulnerability to Microsoft. In addition to installing the security update they recommend disabling the legacy equation editor to protect against future attackers against the code which does not benefit from the more secure coding practices.

====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

=======================
VMware Workstation, Fusion and Horizon View Client
=======================
A security advisory with details of how to obtain updates for the above mentioned products to address 6 CVEs was made available by VMware in November.

=======================
Google Chrome:
=======================
An update for Google Chrome included 2 security fixes while a second update included a further security fix,

Google Chrome updates automatically and will apply the update the next time Chrome is closed and then re-opened. Chrome can also be updated immediately by clicking the Options button (it looks like 3 stacked small horizontal lines, sometimes called a “hamburger” button) in the upper right corner of the window and choosing “About Google Chrome” from the menu. Follow the prompt to Re-launch Chrome for the updates to take effect.
=======================

=======================
Wireshark 2.4.3 and 2.2.11
=======================
v2.4.3: 3 CVEs (defined) resolved

v2.2.11: 3 CVEs resolved

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v2.4.3) or v2.2.11). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.
=======================

=======================
Apple security update:
=======================
An updates was made available by Apple on the 29th of November for macOS High Sierra to resolve a critical security vulnerability that could have resolved in the creation of a root (defined) account on the affected system allowing an unauthorised user privileged access to that system. Further details of this vulnerability are available here. As discussed in that link, this security update should have been installed automatically (no user action required).

=======================
Mozilla Firefox and Firefox ESR
=======================
During November Mozilla released security updates for Firefox and Firefox ESR(Extended Support Release) raising their version numbers to 57 (and later to 57.0.1) and 52.5 respectively.

  • Firefox 57 resolves 15 security issues more formally known as CVEs (defined) while 57.0.1 resolves 2 CVEs.
  • Firefox ESR 52.5 resolves 3 CVEs.

As always full details of the security issues resolved by these updates are available in the following links:

Firefox 57 and Firefox 57.0.1
Firefox 52.5

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, please update it as soon as possible to resolve these security issues.

Pwn2Own 2017 Results

The final day of competition within Pwn2Own 2017 took place on Friday, 17th March. Full details of how the individual teams performed and how many exploits were successful are available here , here and here.

In summary the following products were successfully exploited:

Adobe Flash
Adobe Reader
Apple Safari
Apple macOS (mostly the macOS kernel)(defined)
Microsoft Edge
Microsoft Windows kernel
Mozilla Firefox
Ubuntu Linux
VMware Workstation

The contest saw 51 vulnerabilities used and a total of USD$833,000 awarded to the contestants (a very large increase over last year’s USD$460K). As I noted last year, many vulnerabilities once again were present within the macOS and Windows kernels specifically:

Apple macOS kernel:
race condition (defined)
information disclosures (defined)
out of bounds (OOB) bug (defined)

Microsoft Windows kernel:
integer overflows (defined)
buffer overflows (defined)
uninitialised buffers (discussed here)
use-after-free (defined here and here)
information disclosures
out of bounds (OOB) bug
race condition

As before Microsoft and Apple need to do more thorough static analysis/auditing/fuzzing (defined here and here) of the kernel to find and resolve vulnerabilities before they are exploited. It is a surprise this year again highlights this short coming which secure coding practices e.g. Microsoft’s SDL and Adobe’s SPLC (among others) were intended to reduce.

Of note is; Mozilla Firefox released Firefox 52.0.1 to resolve an integer flow vulnerability in less than 1 day after it’s disclosure during Pwn2Own; a fantastic response time.

=======================
Update: 28th March 2017:
=======================
On the 28th of March, VMware made available security updates to address the vulnerabilities discovered during Pwn2Own.

Apple have also made available updates (listed in this post) to resolve the vulnerabilities discovered in Pwn2Own 2017. It is unclear if all vulnerabilities are now addressed.

=======================
Update: 11th April 2017:
=======================
In late March, the Linux kernel vulnerability disclosed during Pwn2Own was resolved very quickly with Ubuntu also releasing their fix for this issue.

Adobe have released updates for Flash and Acrobat/Reader to address what appears to be 5 vulnerabilities in Flash and 6  in Acrobat/Reader (assuming near sequential CVEs and the team names attributed top them) disclosed during Pwn2Own.

We can again look forward to these vulnerabilities being addressed over the coming months; helping to make our products more secure.

Thank you.

VMware Security Updates Address Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability

In the second half of last week VMware released security updates for the following products:

  • VMware ESXi 6.0 without patch ESXi600-201512102-SG
  • VMware ESXi 5.5 without patch ESXi550-201512102-SG
  • VMware ESXi 5.1 without patch ESXi510-201510102-SG
  • VMware ESXi 5.0 without patch ESXi500-201510102-SG
  • VMware Workstation prior to 11.1.2
  • VMware Player prior to 7.1.2
  • VMware Fusion prior to 7.1.2

These updates address elevation of privilege (the concept is defined here) security issue which has been assigned 1x CVE number, (defined). This vulnerability was responsibly disclosed (defined) by Dmitry Janushkevich from the Secunia Research Team to VMware.

Why Should This Issue Be Considered Important?
Since multiple VMware products have this vulnerability which could allow an attacker to escalate their level of privilege/access within the guest operating system (namely one or more of your virtual machines) this issue should be patched as soon as possible. The issue is due to memory corruption vulnerability within the kernel (defined) of the VMware Tools “Shared Folders” HGFS feature.

How Can I Protect Myself From This Issue?
VMware have released updates to resolve this issue within the affected products. Please refer to VMware’s security advisory to download the necessary updates.

Thank you.