Tag Archives: DHCP

May 2019 Update Summary

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Note to my readers:

Due to professional commitments over the last several weeks and for the next 2 weeks; updates and new content to this blog have been and will be delayed. I’ll endeavour to return to a routine manner of posting as soon as possible.

Thank you.
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Earlier today Microsoft and Adobe released their monthly security updates. Microsoft resolved 79 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined) with Adobe addressing 87 vulnerabilities.

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 84x priority 2 vulnerabilities (48x Critical and 36x Important severity)

Adobe Flash: 1x priority 2 vulnerability (1x Critical severity)

Adobe Media Encoder: 2x priority 3 vulnerabilities (1x Critical severity and 1x Important severity)

If you use Acrobat/Reader or Flash, please apply the necessary updates as soon as possible. Please install their remaining priority 3 update when time allows.

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For Microsoft; this month’s list of Known Issues is available within their monthly summary page and applies to all currently supported operating systems. All issues however do have at least 1 workaround:

4493730   Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Servicing Stack Update)

4494440   Windows 10, version 1607, Windows Server 2016

4494441   Windows 10, version 1809, Windows Server 2019

4497936   Windows 10, version 1903

4498206   Internet Explorer Cumulative Update

4499151   Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2 (Monthly Rollup)

4499154   Windows 10

4499158   Windows Server 2012 (Security-only update)

4499164   Windows 7 Service Pack 1, Windows Server 2008 R2 Service Pack 1

4499165   Windows 8.1 Windows Server 2012 R2 (Security-only update)

4499167   Windows 10, version 1803

4499171   Windows Server 2012 (Monthly Rollup)

4499179   Windows 10, version 1709

4499180   Windows Server 2008 Service Pack 2 (Security-only update)

4499181  Windows 10, version 1703

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

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For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
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Windows RDP: CVE-2019-0708 (also includes an update for Windows Server 2003 and Windows XP)

Scripting Engine: CVE-2019-0924 ,  CVE-2019-0927 , CVE-2019-0922 , CVE-2019-0884 , CVE-2019-0925 , CVE-2019-0937 , CVE-2019-0918 , CVE-2019-0913 , CVE-2019-0912 , CVE-2019-0911 , CVE-2019-0914 , CVE-2019-0915 , CVE-2019-0916 , CVE-2019-0917

Windows DHCP Server: CVE-2019-0725

Microsoft Word: CVE-2019-0953

Microsoft Graphics Component: CVE-2019-0903

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Windows Error Reporting: CVE-2019-0863

Microsoft Advisory for Adobe Flash Player

Microsoft Windows Servicing Stack Updates

For the Intel Microarchitectural Data Sampling (MDS) vulnerabilities, please follow the advice of Intel and Microsoft within their advisories. A more thorough list of affected vendors is available from here.

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Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As per standard best practice; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

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Nvidia Graphics Drivers:
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3 security vulnerabilities with the most severe having a CVSS V3 (defined) base score of 7.7 have been resolved within Nvidia’s graphics card drivers (defined) in May. These vulnerabilities affect Windows only. All 3 are local vulnerabilities rather than remote meaning that an attacker would first need to compromise your system before exploiting the Nvidia vulnerabilities to elevate their privileges. The steps to install the drivers are located here. If you use affected Nvidia graphics card, please consider updating your drivers to the most recent available.

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VMware
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VMWare has released the following security advisories:

Workstation Pro:

Security Advisory 1: Addresses 1x DLL hijacking vulnerability (defined)

Security Advisory 2: Addresses 4x vulnerabilities present in Workstation Pro and the products listed below. Please make certain to install Intel microcode updates as they become available for your systems as they become available in addition to these VMware updates:

VMware vCenter Server (VC)
VMware vSphere ESXi (ESXi)
VMware Fusion Pro / Fusion (Fusion)
vCloud Usage Meter (UM)
Identity Manager (vIDM)
vCenter Server (vCSA)
vSphere Data Protection (VDP)
vSphere Integrated Containers (VIC)
vRealize Automation (vRA)

If you use the above VMware products, please review the security advisories and apply the necessary updates.

Thank you.

February 2019 Update Summary

Earlier today Microsoft made available 13 bulletins and 3 advisories resolving 74 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined)) respectively. As always more details are available from Microsoft’s monthly summary page.

Also today Adobe released scheduled updates for the products listed below addressing 75 CVEs in total:

Adobe Acrobat and Reader: 71x priority 2 CVEs resolved (43 of the 75 are Critical, the remainder are Important severity)

Adobe ColdFusion: 2x priority 2 CVEs resolved

Adobe Creative Cloud Desktop Application: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved

Adobe Flash Player: 1x priority 2 CVE resolved

If you use the affected Adobe products; due to the public disclosure (defined) of CVE-2019-7089 as a zero day (defined) vulnerability, please install the Adobe Acrobat and Reader updates first followed by Flash Player and the remaining updates. I provide more detail on the zero day vulnerability in a separate post.

As we are accustomed to Microsoft’s updates come with a long list of Known Issues that will be resolved in future updates or for which workarounds are provided. They are listed below for your reference:

4345836
4471391
4471392
4483452
4486996
4487017
4487020
4487026
4487044
4487052

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use one of the utilities presented on this page:

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US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
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Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Microsoft GDI+

Scripting Engine (CVE-2019-0590 , CVE-2019-0591 , CVE-2019-0593 , CVE-2019-0640  ,
CVE-2019-0642
, CVE-2019-0648 , CVE-2019-0649  , CVE-2019-0651 , CVE-2019-0652 , CVE-2019-0655 , CVE-2019-0658)

Windows DHCP

Microsoft Exchange

Microsoft SharePoint and CVE-2019-0604

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Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Thank you.

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Nvidia Graphics Drivers:
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8 security vulnerabilities with the most severe having a CVSS V3 (defined) base score of 8.8 have been resolved within Nvidia’s graphics card drivers (defined) in February. These vulnerabilities affect Linux FreeBSD, Solaris and Windows. The steps to install the drivers are detailed here (and here) for Ubuntu and here for Linux Mint. Windows install steps are located here. If you use affected Nvidia graphics card, please consider updating your drivers to the most recent available.

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7-Zip:
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In the 3rd week of February; 7-Zip version 19.00 was released. While it is not designated as a security update; the changes it contains appear to be security related. While 7-Zip is extremely popular as a standalone application; other software such as Malwarebytes Anti-Malware, VMware Workstation and Directory Opus (among many others) all make use of 7-Zip. Directory Opus version 12.2.2 Beta includes version 19.00 of the 7-Zip DLL.

If you use these software applications or 7-Zip by itself, please update these installed applications to benefit from these improvements.

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Changes:
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– Encryption strength for 7z archives was increased:
the size of random initialization vector was increased from 64-bit to 128-bit, and the pseudo-random number generator was improved.
– Some bugs were fixed.
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If you are using the standalone version and it’s older than version 19, please consider updating it.

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Mozilla Firefox
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In mid-February Mozilla issued updates for Firefox 65 and Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) 60.5:

Firefox 65.0.1: Resolves 3x high CVEs (defined)

Firefox 60.5.1: Resolves 3x high CVEs

As always; details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from changes such as improvements to Netflix playback, color management on Apple macOS and resolving audio/video delays during WebRTC calls etc.

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Wireshark 3.0.0, 2.6.7 and 2.4.13
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v3.0.0: 0 security advisories (new features and benefits discussed here and here)

v2.6.7: 3 security advisories

v2.4.13: 3 security advisories

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v3.0.0, v2.6.6 or v2.4.12). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.

Note: from this post onwards, I will only report on the most recent (v3.0) and previous branches (v2.6) of Wireshark.

Thank you.

January 2019 Update Summary

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Updated: 9th January 2019
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Happy New Year to all of my readers. Thanks very much.

Today Microsoft made available monthly updates resolving 47 vulnerabilities (more formally known as CVEs (defined)) respectively. Further details are available from Microsoft’s monthly summary page.

Separately Adobe released out of band (unscheduled) updates last week for Acrobat 2017 and Acrobat DC/Acrobat DC. These updates address 2x critical CVEs.

Other updates released today are as follows:
Adobe Connect: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved
Adobe Digital Editions: 1x priority 3 CVE resolved
Adobe Flash Player: reliability/performance update only

While the Flash Player update is a non-security update it’s likely Adobe chose to release it via the usual channels since it’s what people are familiar with and it helps to get updates out sooner.

Similar to last month; Microsoft’s updates come with a long list of Known Issues that will be resolved in future updates. They are listed below for your reference:

KB4468742
KB4471389
KB4480116
KB4480961
KB4480962
KB4480963
KB4480966
KB4480970
KB4480973
KB4480975
KB4480978

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use one of the utilities presented on this page:

====================
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates.

News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

====================
For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation below:
====================
Windows DHCP Client (Further details here)

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)(please also remember last months’s Internet Explorer update).

Microsoft Hyper-V (CVE-2019-0550 and CVE-2019-0551)

Microsoft Exchange (CVE-2019-0586)(Further details here)
====================
Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues. I have provided further details of updates available for other commonly used applications below.

Please find below summaries of other notable updates released this month.

Thank you.

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Intel Security Advisories:
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Intel have released a series of security advisories so far this month. Of highest priority is the advisory for their Intel PROSet/Wireless WiFi Software to resolve a high severity CVSS Base Score 7.8 vulnerability. The security advisory affects many of their WiFi adapters.

Further important updates for their System Support Utility and Intel SGX SDK and Intel SGX Platform Software were also made available. Meanwhile lower severity issues were addressed in Intel’s SSD data-center tool for Windows, Intel NUC Firmware and Intel Optane SSD DC P4800:

If you use any of the affected software or products, please update them as soon as possible especially in the case of the PROSet/Wireless WiFi Software.

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Mozilla Firefox
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In the final week of January; Mozilla made available Firefox 65 and Firefox ESR (Extended Support Release) 60.5:

Firefox 65: Resolves 3x critical, 2x high and 2x moderate CVEs (defined)

Firefox 60.5: Resolves 2x critical and 1x high CVEs

Details of how to install updates for Firefox are here. If Firefox is your web browser of choice, if you have not already done so, please update it as soon as possible to benefit from the most recent improvements by Mozilla.

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Wireshark 2.4.12 and 2.6.6
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v2.4.12: 6 security advisories

v2.6.6: 4 security advisories

As per standard process Linux distributions can obtain this update using the operating systems standard package manager (if the latest version is not installed automatically using the package manager you can instead compile the source code (v2.6.6 or v2.4.12). This forum thread and this forum thread may also be helpful to you with installing Wireshark on your Linux based system.

For Mac OS X and Windows, the update is available within the downloads section of the Wireshark website. In addition, a detailed FAQ for Wireshark is available here.

Thank you.

September 2017 Security Updates Summary

Earlier today Microsoft made available their scheduled monthly security updates. These resolve 81 vulnerabilities; more formally known as CVEs (defined). They are detailed within Microsoft’s new Security Updates Guide.

This month there are 3 Known Issues (KB4038792 , KB4038793 , and KB4011050) for this month’s Microsoft updates. 2 of these issues relate to the breaking NPS authentication or the hanging of Japanese IME. The first two links suggest editing the Windows Registry (defined) or installing an update (respectively for each issue) to correct them. The final issue involves the display of black borders around cells in Excel, resolved by installing an update.

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Separately Adobe made available three security bulletins for the following products:

Adobe ColdFusion (priority 2, 3x critical, 1x important CVEs)

Adobe Flash (priority 1, 2x critical CVEs)

Adobe RoboHelp (priority 3, 1x important, 1x moderate CVEs)

The priority ratings are explained in this link. Depending on which version of Flash Player you have, please review the Adobe security bulletin or Microsoft bulletin as appropriate and apply the recommended updates. Google Chrome users should have the updated version installed automatically later this week (if not already available).

If you use any of the above-mentioned Adobe products, please review the security bulletins linked to above and apply the necessary updates. As per the established process the Flash update should be installed as soon as possible since exploit kits (defined) tend to take advantage of newly disclosed vulnerabilities very quickly.

Of note this month is a vulnerability in PDF reader software which does not affect Adobe’s Acrobat and Reader DC products. A detailed list is available in this news article. Google Chrome, Firefox and others have resolved this vulnerability while other affected products remain in progress.

You can monitor the availability of security updates for most your software from the following websites (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
—————
US Computer Emergency Readiness Team (CERT) (please see the “Information on Security Updates” heading of the “Protecting Your PC” page):

https://www.us-cert.gov/

A further useful source of update related information is the Calendar of Updates. News/announcements of updates in the categories of General SoftwareSecurity Software and Utilities are available on their website. The news/announcements are very timely and (almost always) contain useful direct download links as well as the changes/improvements made by those updates (where possible).

If you like and use it, please also consider supporting that entirely volunteer run website by donating.

—————
If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible. Steps for installing updates for Windows are provided on the “Protecting Your PC” page.

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For this month’s Microsoft updates, I will prioritize the order of installation for you below:
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Critical severity:

Windows NetBIOS Vulnerability (CVE-2017-0161)(vulnerability affects more than Windows 10)(NetBIOS : defined)

Windows DHCP Vulnerability (CVE-2017-8686) (vulnerability affects more than Windows Server 2016)(DHCP : defined)

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer (multiple versions of Edge and IE affected)

Microsoft Office (CVE-2017-8630 and CVE-2017-8744)(multiple versions of Office affected)
====================

Please install the remaining updates at your earliest convenience.

As always you can find detailed information on the contents of each security bulletin within ComputerWorld’s Patch Tuesday Debugged column. That link is becoming less useful, it has not been updated since June 2017.

Another security pre-caution that you may wish to take if you have Microsoft EMET (please ensure your version of EMET is the most recent version 5.52) installed is to use it to protect you from Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. I provide recommendations of how to do this at the end of the July 2015 Update Summary. Please note that Microsoft EMET will be out of support on the 31st of July 2018.

As noted in this new blog post, parts of EMET are to become available in the Creator’s Fall Update for Windows 10 set for release in September 2017. Versions 1703 and 1709 of Windows 10 will consequently block the installation of EMET. This makes sense for version 1709 since it includes a replacement for EMET while 1703 (to the best of my knowledge does not).

As usual; I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.

Thank you.

ISC Releases Security Updates for BIND (March 2016)

Last week the Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) released 3 security updates to address 3 high severity denial of service issues (defined) found within their BIND DNS software.

Separately ISC has released a security advisory for ISC DHCP concerning a denial of service issue that has not yet been resolved using a patch/update. Workarounds for this issue are available within that advisory. I will update this post when these updates become available. This issue affects the following versions of ISC DHCP: 4.1.0->4.1-ESV-R12-P1, 4.2.0->4.2.8, 4.3.0->4.3.3-P1

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Update 25th June 2016
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At this time as I mentioned below in my previous update; the updates to address the issue mentioned above within ISC DHCP have not yet been released. I will continue to monitor the security advisory until these updates are made available.

Thank you.
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Update 26th April 2016
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At this time, the updates to address the issue mentioned above within ISC DHCP have not yet been released. I will continue to monitor the security advisory until these updates are made available.

Thank you.

Why Should These Issues Be Considered Important?
These issues affect a large number of versions (listed below) of BIND making these issues ever more important to address as soon as possible:

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Advisory 1: 9.10.0 -> 9.10.3-P3
Advisory 2: 9.2.0 -> 9.8.8, 9.9.0->9.9.8-P3, 9.9.3-S1->9.9.8-S5, 9.10.0->9.10.3-P3
Advisory 3: 9.0.0 -> 9.8.8, 9.9.0 -> 9.9.8-P3, 9.9.3-S1 -> 9.9.8-S5, 9.10.0 -> 9.10.3-P3
=======================

The first security issue involves an error in the implementation for preliminary support for DNS cookies. If an attacker sends a malformed packet containing multiple cookie options, the named control channel will exit with an INSIST assertion (defined) meaning that the DNS server is no longer available to process user requests (a denial of service).

If you cannot deploy the patch for this issue immediately, a workaround is provided by ISC within this security advisory which you can use until the patch is installed.

The second security issue involves the incorrect parsing (analyzing data in a structured manner in order to create meaning from it) of a malformed packet deliberately sent to the server by a remote attacker. This description from ISC seems a little misleading since you cannot correctly parse an incorrectly formed packet, what I expect they mean is that an unexpected/inappropriate action is taken by the named control channel when it encounters a malformed packet which results in a security issue. In this instance an assertion failure results in the named control channel exiting as before resulting in a a denial of service.

If you cannot deploy the patch for this issue immediately, a workaround is provided by ISC within this security advisory which you can use until the patch is installed.

The third and final security issues addressed by the issued security updates involves an error in the parsing of DNAME (defined here and here) DNS records. Once again this results in an assertion causing an exit and a resulting denial of service issue. No workaround is available for this issue.

How Can I Protect Myself from These Issues?
If you use BIND (it is included with Linux distributions e.g. Redhat, Ubuntu etc.) to provide any DNS services within your company/organization or you know anybody who may be affected by these issues, please follow the advice within ISC’s security advisories to install the necessary updates to resolve these issues as soon as possible:

CVE-2016-2088: A response containing multiple DNS cookies causes servers with cookie support enabled to exit with an assertion failure
CVE-2016-1285: An error parsing input received by the rndc control channel can cause an assertion failure in sexpr.c or alist.c
CVE-2016-1286: A problem parsing resource record signatures for DNAME resource records can lead to an assertion failure in resolver.c or db.c

Thank you.