On Tuesday the 14th of July, Microsoft made available its monthly security updates resolving 59 CVEs (definition of the term CVE). Details of the affected products are provided in their Security Bulletin Summary. This page also details any Known Issues for these security updates. At the time of writing, only issues for the SQL Server bulletin were present. In addition, an excellent source for information on issues that arise from installing these updates is the IT Pro Patch Tuesday blog.
You can monitor the availability of security updates for the majority of your software from the following website (among others) or use Secunia PSI:
If you use any of the above software, please install the appropriate updates as soon as possible.
If you wish to prioritize some of the updates I would recommend installing Adobe’s Flash Player update first due to the nature of the 2 critical flaws that it resolves. The next priorities should be Microsoft’s updates for Internet Explorer (it also includes a fix for the zero day flaw CVE-2015-2425), Remote Desktop Protocol, VBScript, Microsoft Office, ATM Font Driver and Windows Hyper-V due to their severity. In addition the ATM Font Driver vulnerability CVE-2015-2387 and Microsoft Office vulnerability CVE-2015-2424 have already seen exploitation. With high profile issues being resolved by Adobe’s updates it is recommended to install them before they begin to be incorporated into exploit kits for much wider exploitation.
I would also recommend using the Attack Surface Reduction (ASR) feature of Microsoft EMET 5.2 in order to mitigate Adobe Flash being used to exploit vulnerabilities when you open a Microsoft Office document or Adobe PDF file. Details of the ASR feature are available on page 9 and 19 within the EMET user guide (follow this link and opt to download EMET, you can then choose to download only the PDF user guide). How to add Adobe Flash (flash*.ocx) is detailed in this news article. I suggest adding this file name (the full name including the wildcard * and the ocx file extension) to any application that you use that can open Microsoft Office documents or Adobe PDF files as a defence in depth measure. I have done this for all of my Microsoft Office applications and my PDF reader with no issues encountered.
As a routine precaution I would recommend backing up the data on any device for which you are installing updates in order to prevent data loss in the rare event that any update causes unexpected issues.